Skip to content
Caroline Lord Fiction Writer

The Hero’s Journey

Caroline Lord Footer Contact Photo
Caroline Lord Footer Contact Photo

Some say there are only two plots in the world—a stranger comes to town and someone goes on a journey.

My novel’s plot definitely falls into the latter journey category. So I decided to find out a little more about the Hero’s Journey.

I was familiar with Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero with a Thousand Faces concerning the journey of the archetypal hero in world mythologies and that Campbell made famous the term “monomyth.”

Interestingly enough, I learned that Campbell borrowed the term “monomyth” from James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake.
I then found out that Christopher Vogler had distilled Campbell’s ideas into a book titled The Writer’s Journey: Mythic Structure for Writers.

Vogler took Campbell’s Hero’s Journey and broke it down into the following twelve stages:

  1. The Ordinary World – The hero is in his or her ordinary surroundings
  2. The Call to Adventure – The inciting incident
  3. Refusal of the Call – Maybe from fear or some other reason
  4. Meeting with the Mentor
  5. Crossing the Threshold – Hero leaves the Ordinary World
  6. Test, Allies and Enemies – Lots of trials and struggles
  7. Approach to Inmost Cave – Preparing for a significant challenge
  8. The Ordeal – Hero confronts his greatest fear – Midpoint of the novel
  9. The Reward – Seizing the Sword
  10. The Road Back – Maybe a few more trials along the way
  11. The Resurrection or Atonement – The climax – The hero is transformed
  12. Return with Elixir – The hero returns home

During the writing of my first draft, I’m glad I didn’t know about these twelve stages. I think I would’ve felt too hemmed in by this formula, and I would have chafed at feeling the need to hit each mark along the way.

But it’s interesting to note that without even realizing it, I used about half of them. In fact, I think it’s pretty much impossible to avoid the Hero’s Journey entirely. It’s probably ingrained in our psyche from Odysseus onward.

The Hero’s Journey can even be applied to movies. Here’s a fun illustration to show how:


And lastly, a few books that follow the Hero’s Journey:

  • Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone by J.K. Rowling
  • The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis
  • A Wrinkle in Time by Madeline L’Engle
  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll
  • The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien

Browse the blog

Caroline Lord Picture Of The Author

About Caroline

My name is Caroline Lord. I'm a writer who loves nature, and I make portraits from twigs, petals and leaves.